In educational technology, hardware components include mechanical equipment, materials, and electronic devices. The components of Education 4.0 can be applied to different educational levels and non-formal and informal educational environments. The program consists of 11 initiatives that support the use of technology and digital capabilities in educational development. A specific technology T is a system of completely specific methods and procedures for representing a defined type of processes to obtain a specific result.
The use of pedagogical technology should not transform the teacher into an element of an educational assembly line, since an industrial worker is an element of an assembly line in some plant. Technology is a powerful tool that can support and transform education in many ways, from making it easier for teachers to create educational materials to allowing new ways for people to learn and work together. TeachThought, a private entity, described technological education as a “childhood condition” and a bold experiment. That is why it is so urgent to implement a technological approach to learning and, especially, to teaching.
Consequently, each approach emphasizes specific criteria for the evaluation of technology that thus influence the design, implementation and use of pedagogical technologies. In fact, programs and procedures are now used more often than technologies (in the correct sense of this concept). However, it is important to understand what place pedagogical technology should occupy in the teacher's professional activity. The problems of development and use of educational technologies are analyzed from a methodological and theoretical point of view.
The mathematical theory of technology, developed by the author, is taken as the theoretical basis for the development of educational technology. They only demonstrate that technology is a complex phenomenon and that different definitions reflect different aspects of technology. On the contrary, pedagogical technology aims to develop the teacher's creativity and improve their abilities to reach a higher level in their professional activity.